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Cultural Heritage

Romanesque Art

The Vio Valley

This high Pyrenees Valley is made up of towns and villages, all of which are over 1200 metres above sea level. Its simple Romanesque churches are located in landscapes of extraordinary beauty, such as the areas around the Ordesa y Monte Perdido National Park and the deep calcium river beds of the rivers Aso and Yesa.



The most interesting Romanesque construction is the Church of San Vicente de Vió, at the southern entrance to the valley and on the outskirts of town, on a hill with beautiful views. The small construction dates from the 12th century, with a single nave, a barrel vault and a semicircular apse, which on the exterior appears in the Lombard style with arches on brackets, and a serrated frieze.

Several items were added in the 16th century. The interior of the apse has a complete mural decoration representing Christ the King with the tetramorphs, the Epiphany and
a scene of the martyr of San Vicente. These were hidden until the 19th century, and in 1976 they were taken down and transferred to the Barbastro Dioceses Museum.



To the north and the other side of the deep Aso riverbed we can see the Church of San Martín de Sercué, far from the village, next to the old road which came down to the Bellos River. Romanesque from the 13th century, it has a barrel vault and semicircular apse.



In Nerín we can find two examples of Romanesque art: the Church of of the 13th century, with a wide barrel vaulted nave and semicircular apse, and the hermitage of
Santa María, a building from the first half of the 13th century, although only the vaulted cul-de-four apse remains.

The Church of San Juan Bautista, located in Buisán, a picturesque town near to Fanlo, which dates from the 13th century. Constructed in ashlar, it has a rectangular nave, a wide presbytery and a barrel-vaulted apse, the same as the arch of the doorway and its two archivolts. Its original structure was modified in the 18th century with the construction of the sacristy, the doorway and the tower.