Barfaluy II

  • Locality :Lecina
  • Municipality :Bárcabo
  • Altitude :740 m
  • Listed Status :Site of cultural interest. World Heritage.
  • Cultural sequence :Neolithic
  • Excavation :Vicente Baldellou. 1986-7



On the left-hand bank of the La Choca gulley, which flows into the River Vero on the right. A signposted path (1 hour) that begins in Lecina leads to the site.

Small cave situated to the west of Barfaluy I measuring 8.5 metres at the mouth and 8 m in depth. In plan it is a kind of half-oval.

In earlier times, the cave of Barfaluy II was used as a shelter for beehives made of cane. A number of these hives have been preserved in the rock shelter following its restoration in 2010.


This is the easternmost sector of the group. It contains three very faded, barely visible paintings in a reddish-orangey hue:

- In the centre is a possible horse rider with a long head and outstretched arms mounted on a hypothetical animal that is disproportionately small.

This could also be interpreted as a simple anthropomorph with widely splayed legs, a central phallus and two elements hanging from the legs. It measures 14.2 cm in length.

- To the left of the figure described above is an anthropomorph with an exaggeratedly long sexual member.

This is a human figure with a small head and arms slightly bent downwards. The legs, splayed in an arch, frame the representation of the sexual member. The figure measures 9.1 cm long.

- Blot

Very diffuse and impossible to interpret.


This is located in the central area of the back wall, next to Sectors III and IV. It features a group of indecipherable traces made up of very blurred blots in reddish and black hues.


Sectors III and IV are located in the central area of the back wall of the cave. This is the largest of all and contains the most paintings. It would without question constitute the main panel of Barfaluy II.

Panel 1

Situated inside a hollow in the limestone wall and done in a relatively dark red-chestnut hue.

From left to right you can see:

- A cruciform sign

- A group of three bars

- A group of indecipherable traces

Against a background of very dilute pigment is a silhouette measuring 3.8 cm in length, which could belong to the upper part of an anthropomorph, as well as other traces that are largely missing and very blurred that cannot be deciphered.

Panel 2

This is located in a concave part of the rock surface and is done in paints in two colours: an orangey hue and a dark reddish tone. In those places in which the lines are superimposed, the dark red is overlaid on top of the orangey colour.

Notable among the paintings in this panel are:

- A large anthropomorphic figure that may be female due to the possible breasts indicated below the arms. The figure measures 25.5 cm in length.

The absence of a phallus and the presence of two intermediate lines make it plausible to interpret this figure as female. With her left arm, she seems to wield a straight, upright object superimposed with a blot in the orangey colour.

- Three angular signs

On occasion, similar signs have been interpreted as arrows or harpoons. Despite their proximity to the female figure described above, a possible connection with her has not been established.

- One horizontal, one vertical and one diagonal bar and a group of unidentifiable traces and blots

Panel 3

This is the westernmost edge of the large central panel. It features various paintings in reddish hues:

- A blot

- The upper part of a possible anthropomorph measuring 8.8 cm in length.

- The representation of a cervid with a disproportionately long head. This figure, which measures 19.8 cm in length, could be a deer turned towards the left that has a disproportionately long head.

The anomalous line of the snout suggests the possibility that the deer is tied by a cord or rope (like the deer at Mallata I), but this is impossible to determine for certain due to a lack of information.

The front legs are done in vertical thin lines while the back legs are done in bent thin lines in an almost naturalistic manner. The tail is somewhat wide and is a simple continuation of the line of the body, slightly arched.

The most significant element consists of the branching antlers (barely visible due to the fine lines with which they have been executed) that emerge diagonally above the area of the intersection of the body with the forelimbs.


This is the only sector on the left wall of the cave. It has a single finger mark and traces that are largely missing done in reddish hues.