Huerto Raso I and II Human Habitation Site

  • Locality :Lecina
  • Municipality :Bárcabo
  • Altitude :
  • Listed status :
  • Cultural Sequence :Neolithic.




    Temporary dwelling.

    The site is situated in the lower part of the sheer limestone cliffs near the confluence of the Basender gulley and the River Vero in the Huerto Raso area.

    The site was sounded and excavated in 1972 by a team from the Department of Ancient History from the University of Zaragoza, led by Ignacio Barandiarán. Various items were found that were deposited that same year in Huesca Provincial Museum. They came from a single occupation level with hearths that can be dated to the Middle or Late Neolithic or possibly the Chalcolithic.
    Lithic material was found (a flint triangle or trapezium with a concave base and other slivers that had not been reworked), eight fragments of pottery associated with the Neolithic and a sandstone plaque with lines of a geometric type scored on one side.

    In 1986, Vicente Baldellou carried out new work at the site as part of the prospecting conducted in the area of the River Vero, resulting in the finding of a few shards of plain pottery, just one shard with impressed decoration and a number of lithic items.

    Both authors suggested at the time that there was just one archaeological level (Neolithic), but given the lack of absolute datings, the team of Abad, Cuchí, Domingo, Leo and Montes undertook further archaeological work in a bid to discover more material that would make it possible to judge the nature of the occupation and to find an item that could be dated using radiocarbon, thereby confirming the existence of a single level of occupation corresponding to the Early Neolithic.

    The finds included lithic items (small slivers and waste stone from carving, a few well-made laminas and several pieces that had been retouched) and bone material (discoid bone and animal remains).
    Some of the bones showed score marks produced by stone tools during the butchering of the animals, which included a deer, a boar, a roe deer, a large bovine and another medium-sized herbivore (goat/chamois). Pottery was also found (four shards from a small hemispherical bowl), as were carbons. One of these was sent to the University of Groningen for analysis and was dated to 6310±60 BP. Consequently, the stratum may be related to the time of transition between cardial decoration and other impressed pottery decoration.
    A small late Roman coin, perhaps from the 4th century, was also found.


    In 1969, I. Barandiarán discovered a cave (Huerto Raso) that was identified as a prehistoric site, situated just in front of the place where years later two rock shelters with rock art were discovered.